Your task, using a maximum of 1 x A4 page (front and back) and no more than 1000 words is to prepare a fact sheet which reviews the evidence linking obesity with chronic low-grade inflammation and the potential benefits of dietary management of inflammation with the Mediterranean diet.
Your fact sheet is aimed at a busy healthcare professional and so it needs to be both factual and succinct. Picture a GP sitting down at their desk to eat a 15 min lunch between patients – and they pick up your fact sheet.
The fact sheet can be divided into two parts:
Part 1: Review and describe the link between obesity and inflammation.
The basis of this link is discussed within the first lecture and associated resources. Within part 1 you are asked to briefly review the underlying pathogenesis linking obesity with chronic low-grade inflammation and metabolic dysfunction. In your brief review, you should highlight 4-5 important biomarkers that may be modulated in obesity-induced inflammation, such as specific cytokines or adipokines, C-reactive protein, macrophages, and reactive oxygen species. Hint: Consider which biomarkers might be modulated by a Mediterranean Diet (Part 2).
Part 2: Provide evidence on the effectiveness of managing obesity-related inflammation with a Mediterranean diet
Within part 2 you are asked to provide evidence as to whether adopting a Mediterranean diet by an obese person can beneficially modulate inflammation-related biomarkers, particularly those described in part 1. Evidence from studies in individuals with obesity is preferable. Regardless of the strength of evidence available in obese humans, you are also asked to provide 4 – 5 evidence-based nutrition-related recommendations for how an obese person may improve markers of inflammation. Make your recommendations realistic and safe for the individual. Remember, the
aim is to help the health professional help their patients, and therefore the recommendations need to be practical.
Learning outcomes of this assignment:
The Unit Learning Outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Steps for approaching this assignment
Participate in the seminars, which discuss the features of good/fair fact sheets using sample fact sheets. Please note that these examples are not the topic of your assignment so please do not copy from these examples. They should therefore not be used as a template for your own assignment. The seminars will also provide information on how the assessment rubric will be used to assess your fact sheet.
Prepare your own fact sheet targeted towards a health care practitioner (i.e. nurse, medical practitioner, health promotion officer or dietitian).
Because your audience has a working knowledge of key concepts and terminology, you will not need to define all terms (for examples “CVD”, “cancer” or “obesity”). However, people reading your fact sheet have not considered how obesity might elicit inflammatory effects that can contribute to metabolic diseases. Although the reader will have an understanding of diets for obesity managements, they will definitely benefit from reading the latest information
about the effects of the Mediterranean diet and its role in obesity management. They will also benefit from reading evidence-based recommendations that their clients may realistically adopt to help improve inflammation via dietary means.
A note on referencing: Because space and words are limited full referencing is not required. Rather, enough information that anyone reading the fact sheet can find the article itself is required. Typically, this means you need only include the first author, journal name (you can use the abbreviated journal name), publication date and first page. Providing only a DOI is not enough as these can often be incorrect, which then leaves the reader without enough information to search for the article.
Guide to assessment weighting
Markers will be using the rubric to assess your work. The following information is presented as a guide to the importance placed on each component of the fact sheet.