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Unit 42: Project Management for Business

Fundamental Nutrition


For maintaining a good life, nutrition is considered to be the transport of all the required nutrients from the food that we consume to our bodies. Furthermore, it may be described as the relationship between a person’s food and his or her general health. It is possible to have great or insufficient nutrition. For the body’s organs to grow and function properly, as well as for reproduction and maintenance, it is necessary to consume a nutritious diet. To attain optimum production efficiency while also maintaining the requisite level of activity, a nutritious diet is essential for the body to consume. In the presence of an optimally balanced diet, a person’s body can repair injured and damaged cells, as well as treat illnesses and disorders more efficiently. Proteins, lipids, vitamins, carbohydrates, minerals, and water are some of the most critical nutrients required by the body for proper growth and development, and they are all essential. The amount of each of the aforementioned nutrients should be proportional to the amount of energy necessary to maintain a healthy body weight.

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Human Health and Diet

To sustain human health, it is common practice to engage in nutritious eating habits. Heart disease, cancer, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension are among the conditions that may be avoided by following a healthy diet. Getting enough nutrients and drinking plenty of water are important parts of maintaining a balanced diet. Because there are so many different types of foods, each with a unique nutritional profile, different diets are deemed healthy in different ways. A healthy diet consists of a balance of all nutrients to satisfy energy requirements while remaining within allowed nutritional limits. Overabsorption of these nutrients has undesirable implications, such as obesity, because the body does not have a mechanism for releasing the excess energy stored in them.

Nutritional Aspects

The influence of several food categories on your health has been studied extensively. With so much information coming at us, it’s hard to know what to trust. The following are fair predictions based on independent research for the typical individual. The most valuable nutrients include macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Macronutrients The term “nutrients” refers to any meal that might provide positive or negative energy to the body. Macronutrients are large chemicals that humans require in large amounts (Sharma et al, 2014). This meal has all of the macronutrients required every day. This meal contains roughly 17% of the daily protein requirement or 20 grams. This is a reasonable amount for one meal, but it also depends on how active one is during the day.

The three fundamental macronutrient groups are proteins, lipids (fats), and carbs. A balance of these three areas would allow a person to maintain a healthy body. Carbohydrates are the most important macronutrient; hence they should be consumed in large amounts. It is important to distinguish between simple and complex carbohydrates (longer-lasting energy). If you eat one, choose complex carbohydrates, which give more sustained energy. Although bread, rice, and whole grains may give longer-lasting energy, a healthy mix is usually recommended. The second major source of energy is proteins. Amino acids are needed for nutrient absorption, muscular growth, and cell-to-cell communication. The human body contains essential (cannot be made) and non-essential amino acids (those that can be produced in the body). Lesser quantities of essential amino acids (such as histidine) can be synthesized in the body. These amino acids are found in foods high in lean protein and animal origin. Pork, chicken, and steak are examples of animal-based proteins that give the most protein per gram. This type of protein might be very beneficial. Fats contain the most calories and cholesterol; thus, they should be consumed in moderation. Combining saturated and unsaturated fatty acids can offer a healthful diet. More hydrogen bonds than unsaturated fats mean more work to break down but more energy released. With fewer hydrogen bonds, unsaturated produces clean energy. The meal included 15.4 grams of fat.

This meets roughly 29% of daily lipid needs. Saturated and trans fats account for only 2.2 grams of the meal’s 15.4 grams of total lipids. Unsaturated fats, found in plant-based foods and seafood like salmon, are the best fats to consume. Excessive nutrient storage leads to fat tissue formation. Despite just being a quarter cup in the meal, potatoes had the third highest calorie intake. These potatoes are abundant in starch, a form of soluble fiber associated with lower cholesterol levels. They help stabilize blood glucose levels. Cannellini beans offer the bulk of carbohydrates. Because cannellini beans are the main vegetable in this recipe, they are naturally rich in nutrients. Approximately 49% of the total calories come from these beans. Despite being a plant-based diet, the kidney beans used in this dish include around 40.3 grams of carbs or roughly 62 percent of the meal’s total carbs. The ribollita comprises just 65.2 grams of carbohydrates, hardly enough for a day. A 2000-calorie-per-day individual should aim for 225-325 grams of carbs. Even though potatoes and cannellini beans are heavy in carbs, they do not give your body the essential carbs it needs.

Vitamins, which are macronutrients, are necessary for the body’s cell-mediated homeostasis to be maintained. They are responsible for the overall care of organs and conduct several activities. Beans include vitamins that have been shown to help with cancer prevention, weight reduction, diabetes, cancer, and stress-related disorders (Aukema et al, 2014). Without vitamins, we would never be able to produce the nutrition we require in our daily lives. Organ and organ system functionality will be jeopardized if they are not ingested. If you could only consume five things, fruits, and heart-healthy meals would be the best options. Vitamin A is found in fish, salmon (vitamin D or B), broccoli (vitamin K), almonds (vitamin E), and oranges (vitamin C). When it comes to B vitamins, the most frequent are B3 and B9, which are both required for biological activity. Some vitamins, such as iron, calcium, chromium, and zinc, may be deficient. Anemia and decreased bone growth can result if this isn’t done. Zinc is mostly engaged in the immune system’s defensive function, which might be damaging to the patient. Although it would be terrible to lose these vitamins, they are considered less important than the latter.

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Minerals are unquestionably essential for daily activities. Minerals and vitamins both help organs and the body as a whole operate properly. They help with energy metabolism, body structure preservation, oxidative reaction facilitation, and body system recovery, among other things. Elements are undoubtedly a difficulty since there are so few critical minerals that missing one might have severe implications. Minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, calcium, potassium, chloride, iron, fluoride, and zinc are vital. As a result, while the combined advantages of one or two minerals may be beneficial to an individual if one mineral is consumed in excess or deficient, the result may be harmful. A balance of minerals would need to be ingested to acquire the full theoretical value of each mineral, giving the standard of healthy living (Jacobs et al. 2007). If there was food, the most efficient individual would eat yogurt, chicken (or pork), seaweed, fruit, and any type of green vegetable. These meals would include all of the necessary minerals. A complete understanding of macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals, as well as their balance, is required to maintain a healthy level of functioning.


Branscum, P., & Sharma, M. (2014). DEFINING A HEALTHY DIET: CHALLENGES AND CONUNDRUMS. American Journal of Health Studies29(4).

Jacobs, D. R., & Tapsell, L. C. (2007). Food, not nutrients, is the fundamental unit in nutrition. Nutrition Reviews, 65(10), 439-450.

Mudryj, A. N., Yu, N., & Aukema, H. M. (2014). Nutritional and health benefits of pulses. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 39(1

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