The World Health Organization recognizes mortality and morbidity as health tools useful for disease surveillance in society (Hernandez and Kim, 2019). Morbidity refers to when an individual is ill and cannot perform activities of daily living well. Mortality is defined as a tool.
used to measure the number of deaths due to diseases that were under management. Morbidity represents incidence or prevalence. Prevalence means a given number of persons in a population to represent others and incidence refers to how often a chosen group of people in a population appears in a study. Calculated by dividing new cases by the number of persons within the population. On the other hand, mortality represents the rate that involves per 1000 people in each population and can as well be expressed as the death rate.
Generally, health inequalities refer to differences in state of wellness among a group of people in relation to age, socioeconomic, race, and education (Garzón-Orjuela et al.,2020). Employment and unemployment contribute to inequality in health where working conditions differ among people. Working in a poor workplace leads to diseases compared to people with a good professional who have a comfortable working condition hence minimal health risk. Socioeconomics where less fortunate people cannot afford quality health care compared to wealthy individuals. In the matter of age, young individuals are more stable health-wise compared to an ageing group of people and priority in health care is directed to old age individual and involve health deterioration then death. Education is an important determinant of health and is related to socioeconomic status (McCartney et al.,2019). For less-educated individuals may have less income or fewer resources depriving access to health services. Besides, may engage in risky health behaviours such as alcohol intake and smoking or eating unhealthy exposure to health conditions. In conclusion, health inequalities are linked to morbidity and mortality in that when individuals cannot access quality health care due to unfairness in society can either lead to disability or death.
Hernandez, J. B. R., & Kim, P. Y. (2019). Epidemiology Morbidity and Mortality.
Garzón-Orjuela, N., Samacá-Samacá, D. F., Angulo, S. C. L., Abdala, C. V. M., Reveiz, L., & Eslava-Schmalbach, J. (2020). An overview of reviews on strategies to reduce health inequalities. International journal for equity in health, 19(1), 1-11.
McCartney, G., Popham, F., McMaster, R., & Cumbers, A. (2019). Defining health and health inequalities. Public Health, 172, 22-30.Order Now