Globalization in political science indicates the continuous expansion of political systems worldwide, both in complexity and size. In America, political globalization has resulted in the liberty of more nations while expanding the political culture. Political globalization has left both effect negative and positive impacts. The introduction of the American Foreign Policy as a result of political globalization has impacted many nations worldwide. This paper outlines theoretical aspects of political globalization in the United States of America, recent cases related to America’s political globalization, and general comments regarding the topic.
Globalization emerged due to various reasons. Improved technology, such as the use of mobile phones and televisions, led to globalization. Labour mobility also caused globalization since skilled labour was easily accessed. The existence of a good transportation network, that is, ship, promoted various countries’ associations since it was cheaper to transport commodities from and to the market. The barriers of trade ties between different international countries such as the United Kingdom were erased by political globalization.
In Latin America, the violent impacts of neoliberal administered globalization were immense. The sovereignty of the political state led to the privatization of the nation’s welfare (Dove, 13). Dove indicates how the crisis of sovereignty in Latin America resulted in the transition to a democratically represented government from being dictated by the military. Reconfiguration of political sovereignty then happened in the 18th century after the emergence of “The People,” a political subject that was formed to address political violence and disorder. Additionally, Argentina did not trust the democratic regime in establishing order (Dove, 41).
Political globalization reduces government size and debts (Kim et al., Applied Economics). The political ties among various international countries make it easy for America to access loans and grants. The loans are used for previous funding of loans and investing, thus, reducing debts. Political globalization also controls government expenditure habits by increasing pressure on budgets. As a result, citizens Also, economic openness to globalization negatively impacted the share of expenditures in Argentina’s budget (Porto et al., 21). There was increased poverty due to unemployment since integration with other countries led to immigration, which later affected Argentina’s employment opportunities. However, the labor market was flooded with unskilled labor, whereas changes due to globalization led to increased demand for skilled labour. Argentina was also marginalized in political governance.
Political globalization leads to insecurity (Rojecki, 5). Those in power quickly access resources while the disadvantaged scarcely access them. The division between the ruling and the opposing makes it hard for governmental institutions to make meaningful decisions. The existence and prevalence of fear and moral judgments create rivals and military threats. For instance, integration in America due to globalization has resulted in uncertainty and disruption due to under-employment and increasing income inequality (Rojecki, 8). Thus, political globalization has resulted in inequalities and injustices to the opponents of those in power.
The emergence of political globalization has increased power and led to the liberation of nations. An expansion in political culture is evidenced by allowing citizens to vote, thus exercising democracy (Beesley & Ida, 18). Through voting exercises, democracy is exercised, unlike before globalization, where the military dictated every governmental program. The liberation has positively impacted America in that citizens can freely challenge those in power in case of incompetence.
In the present, political globalization in America has led to an improvement in governance. There is free and fair competition for authority. Also, those in power strive to remain relevant to those that elected them. The formation of the United Nations as a result of globalization has also enabled citizens’ wellbeing through the creation of programs such as conservation and promoting health to all. Additionally, the barriers to democracy, such as the elites in politics, are moderated by globalization (Deese, 39). The introduction of a democratic leadership system in the United States, Latin, and Argentina has ensured liberation from oppressive governments.
Intergovernmental organizations have grown as a result of political globalization. Some of the countries that could not trade internationally can now sell quickly due to easy open access. Additionally, the enhancement of cultural diversity has been reported since people of different nations and cultures can integrate freely. Political globalization has also led to growth in the political systems complexity of various countries. The systems have improved to enhance service provision and governance.
In conclusion, political globalization in the United States of America has negatively and positively impacted its nationals. Instances of poverty, marginalization, and inequalities are experienced, especially in marginalized areas. However, the increase in power and liberty of nations can be positively attributed to the emergence of political globalization. Considering both the negative and positive impacts, globalization’s emergence was beneficial to all countries worldwide.
Beesley, Celeste, and Ida Bastiaens. “Globalization and intention to vote: the interactive role of personal welfare and societal context.” Review of International Political Economy (2020): 1-23.
Deese, David A., ed. Globalization: causes and effects. Routledge, 2017.
Dove, Patrick. Literature and” Interregnum”: Globalization, War, and the Crisis of Sovereignty in Latin America. SUNY Press, 2016.
Kim, Dong-Hyeon, et al. “Government size, government debt and globalization.” Applied Economics 50.25 (2018): 2792-2803.
Porto, Alberto, Natalia Porto, and Noelia Garbero. “The impact of globalization on subnational expenditures: efficiency and compensation effects.” Journal of Finance and Economics 4.2 (2016): 01-22.
Rojecki, Andrew. America and the Politics of Insecurity. JHU Press, 2016.Order Now