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The increasing concern about the future of the world brings attention to the present generation of children and adolescence. Considering the increasing population of the world, a large part of the global population is covered by the younger generation.
The contributions of the extensive researches in the context of various negative implications on children and adolescence are very significant. The paper deals with the elaborate illustrations of the effectiveness that the contributions of researchers have the mitigating effects or inception of any such intention on the global concern of restoring the natural built up and preventing children and adolescence ill effects of technological aspects. The focus of this paper is on the implications of the use of social media by children. It also encompasses the provision of views and perceptions regarding the use of social media by children leading to various positive and negative consequences. It also includes discussion regarding the negative implications such as cyberbullying that affects children to an extreme extent.
With the rapid progress made in the industry of technology, the generation of adolescents and children has been becoming one of the first and active users of the latest technology and digitized products. They are becoming the first groups to be making extensive use and application of the Internet to an extensive extent.
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There has been an increasing concern of the parents in restoring the childhood and adolescence stage of life of their children. However, considering the global impact of digitization and technological advancement, it is imperative to gain an elaborate understanding of the facts and statistics in this regard which is possible only through the conduction of research. There is an undercurrent of effectiveness that the researchers assist in providing to the global society (Best, Manktelow & Taylor, 2014). It has been observed that children at a very early age like that of 2 to 3 years of age are being exposed to view animated series or videos on mobile devices of their parents. With the continuous growth in the field of technology and media, there has been the creation of many animated and children-oriented entertainment. These programs are available on mobile platforms such as iPad and have gained demand tremendously. On the other hand, this has made conventional toys to get obsolete.
Social compensation is viewed as the supplement of social loafing and alludes to when people work harder and use more exertion in a gathering setting – to make up for other gathering individuals – contrasted with when working alone. Social remuneration is reliable with the anticipation esteem details of the exertion hypothesis. Williams and Karau first archived the social remuneration speculation. The social pay theory expresses that there are two factors under which social pay may happen: the desire that other gathering individuals will perform inadequately and if the gathering item is essential to the person. All the more particularly, the speculation expresses that if a gathering part is seen to perform deficiently either because of put stock in, dependability, or direct learning or if an individual sees an undertaking or item as by and by significant, at that point an individual may contribute more towards the aggregate item keeping in mind the end goal to maintain a strategic distance from a lacking execution. Social loafing is viewed as the supplement of social payments.
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Considering the contribution of researchers regarding implications on the use of social media on adolescents and children, the research paper “Impact of social media on children, adolescents and families” by Dr Mrs Florence Undiyaundeye, various facts related to the subject could be comprehended (Undiyaundeye, 2014). The researcher, in this regard, has conducted a study on all the aspects of the use of social media by such a younger generation and their family. Right from the beginning of the paper, the researcher has emphasized that fact that after the initial use of the Internet and social media, it was observed that children and adolescents were the first groups who became addicted to excessive use which also resulted to be detrimental for the cognitive development of the children and adolescent. The researchers have contributed significantly to the study and awareness regarding the matter with the provision of extensive statistics on the use of social media addiction by adolescents and preadolescents (Undiyaundeye, 2014).
Around 1%of children at the age of 3-4 years have their cellphone, 96% of them watch television, and 21 % of them have their tablet (Undiyaundeye, 2014). These aspects have led to many grave issues such as privacy breaches, sexting and cyberbullying. Researchers have also made the audience aware of the fact that excessive use of social media has been resulting in sleep deprivation regularly as well as extensive internet addiction which is both projecting negative implications on the cognitive development of adolescents and children(Richards, Caldwell & Go, 2015).
The research study has focused on the fact that the recovery of few positive implications of the use of social media by children and adolescents from a vast majority of negative implications. The researchers state that in certain cases, children can gain benefit from using social media to a very limited extent. Researchers have assisted in identifying the health issues that children face due to the o extensive use of social media. The adolescent period is very vulnerable to different social influence that needs to be regulated by parents and elders. This also includes the regulation by parents regarding the use of social media. The self-affirmation theory, in this regard, is very evident as children tend to adapt to the information that is being projected to them over the social media platforms which are also threatening to the self-concept of the children. The hypothesis of social compensation also plays a significant role in this context as children are slowly finding their offline friends, associates and family members to be inadequate for compensating their knowledge as compared to that of social media. However, the fact that adolescence is a period of transition between child age to adulthood which makes individuals more inquisitive for gaining information regarding sexuality, relationship and self-worth (Undiyaundeye, 2014).
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This makes social media a platform for misuse which results in cyber-bullying, inappropriate video viewing, etc. The researcher has conducted the study with a great deal of information related to the subject matter. This encompassed various risks that are projected onto adolescents due to social media (Wamba & Carter, 2016). She has also assisted the audience in understanding the facts associated with risks in different categories like inappropriate content, peer to peer, lack of comprehension of privacy over the online platform, the external implication of third party promotional groups. Further, she has facilitated information that assists the audience in having in-depth insights into online harassment and cyberbullying, sexting, Facebook Depression, Distorted reality senescence, defective social associations, etc. Further, by stating the benefits of the use of social media by children and adolescents, the research awardees audience regarding enhancement in skills related to literature development, numeracy, social connections, creativity, etc. (Sidani et al., 2016).
Students are spending more time on the platform of the Internet which is relevant to the increasing cases of disorders related to internet addiction. Parents have increasing concerns regarding their children spending more time on the Internet than on the natural environment. It has been observed there is increasing un precedency regarding technological growth in the 21st century. It is a scientifically proven fact that children in consecutive generations happen to have higher IQ. They also have better short term memory as compared to adults in the same or previous generations (Dyson et al., 2016). However, getting vulnerable to extensive use of social media, emails and various adult websites has the ongoing potential to reduce the attention span of the children to a great extent. They may also counteract the conflict regarding following icons in different fields which would be more propagated due to the overuse of and attention on the social media sites, against the creation of ideas of their own which may be a great trigger and influenced by the culture to which the child belongs to or the perception of his or her friends. The viewing of adult content over social media or other websites may also result in decreased empathy among the children which has the potential of leading to a changed sense of identity. It has been observed that children in their teens who happen to use Facebook on a more regular basis show increased tendencies regarding narcissism. On the other hand, the adults who have a regular presence on social media sites such as Facebook have more symptoms of psychological disorders (D’amato et al., 2016). These psychological disorders encompass various kinds of antisocial behaviours, aggressive and maniac tendencies.
It has been further noted that regular use of technology and media has been having negative implications on learning. Research has found that children belonging to intermediary schooling have been presenting themselves with various symptoms regarding depression, anxiety and various other similar issues. This is further making them susceptible to aggravating health issues in future. Intensive use of social media has been proved to be highly distracting the students from learning. Students belonging to such tender age have been observed to check their phones at increasing intervals which has also become a kind of addiction for children of this age.
The presence of children on social media sites can also assist in forming and maintaining peer relationships, making diverse communications with individuals of similar interest. Being active on social media enhances children’ exposure to art, music, etc. which help them in exploring their identities. Extensive use of social media also has been having certain positive implications on the development of children too. The platform of emails, social media, etc has been a great interface for sharing information, perceptions and ideas. This has the potential of great educational value as it assists in extending information that can be used by the younger generation. On the other hand, social media, as a platform, can provide insights into what are the latest developments that take place around us (Abar et al., 2017).
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For an instance, an image on Instagram can provide in-depth insights into what any artist can interpret various feelings. Such insights provide a real feeling for the child. It facilitates deeper comprehension of the child regarding the use of techniques (Abar et al., 2017). Having many trending topics that regularly arrive on the news feed, the children belonging to the adolescent age can get exposure to various internal knowledge regarding various subjects that they are familiar with along with getting introduced to the new topics or matters. It has also been observed that optimum benefits in education come from the combination of different factual information and shared reflection. This can assist a varying, balanced and real input for the children belonging to the adolescent age.
In the journal “Cyberbullying in High Schools: A study of Students’ Behaviors and Beliefs about This New Phenomenon” by QingLi the behaviours and beliefs of students related to cyberbullying in high school are reflected (Li, 2010). The researcher in this paper has assisted in the comprehension of the phenomena through various perspectives such as implications on the students after cyber-bullying. It also encompasses the aspect related to the action of the students while experiencing or witnessing cyberbullying. The avoidance of legal reporting by the victims in such cases is also analyzed by the researcher which provides an enhanced comprehension of the matter (Modecki et al., 2014).
The researcher has provided a very systematic and comprehensive elaboration of cyberbullying. This has facilitated the audience on gaining a significant amount of information and knowledge from the definition and concept. With the categorization of each harassment and cyberbullying over the platform of the Internet, the research has facilitated the enhancement of awareness in this regard. With the conduction of the research regarding the subject, the researcher has conducted an empirical study which has assisted in getting more knowledge of the statistics of the subject (D’amato et al., 2016).
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The subject encompasses anonymity to a great extent which is an aspect to focus on. Most of the victims belonging to such age groups do not happen to raise their voices in this regard, in most cases; the victims of cyberbullying have no idea regarding the identification of the bullies (Li, 2010). The researchers also stress the fact that cyberbullying has negative implications both to the victim as well as on their families.
It has been estimated that 60 per cent of girls and 80 per cent of boys have been exposed to pornography at an early age. On the other hand, 2 per cent of the girls and 38 per cent of the boys have been exposed through friends. The children which have been viewing pornography are more likely to have delinquent behaviour and use of inappreciable substances. This has also been resulting in the children experiencing various symptoms of lower emotional bonding levels and depression with caregivers or parents. There are increased chances of children getting predated by paedophiles who are not identified by children of such small age. According to the latest survey, it has been found that around 20 per cent of students opt for reporting regarding being suffered from cyber-bullying. However, the rates have been fluctuating as certain studies have also indicated that around 15 per cent of students belonging to the age group of 12-18 years have been involved in cyberbullying.
There is a lot of psychological implications that affect the performance of children in education. This fact has assisted in creating awareness of the poor performance of the children at school to the parents which would help them in resolving any issues in this regard in future. The researcher has assisted in obtaining the theoretical perspectives which further assist in gaining overall awareness of the matter (Heiman & Olenik-Shemesh, 2015).
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With the conduction of research study on this subject, various factors have been identified that facilitates an impending improvement. Various researchers, through their study, have been facilitating the gaining of a great deal of knowledge to parents, teachers along a larger section of society. In such cases, the main responsibility is vested on parents who can have the most control over the activities of the children at home. The second accountability can be subjected to teachers at schools to be observant which will help mitigate the negative implications.
Abar, C. C., Farnett, S., Mendola, K., Koban, K., & Sarra, S. (2017). Relationships between parent-child social media interactions and health behaviours. Journal of Substance Use, 1-3.
Best, P., Manktelow, R., & Taylor, B. (2014). Online communication, social media and adolescent wellbeing: A systematic narrative review. Children and Youth Services Review, 41, 27-36.
Dyson, M. P., Hartling, L., Shulhan, J., Chisholm, A., Milne, A., Sundar, P., … & Newton, A. S. (2016). A systematic review of social media use to discuss and view deliberate self-harm acts. PloS one, 11(5), e0155813.
D’amato, G., Vitale, C., Mormile, M., Vatrella, A., & D’amato, M. (2016). The impact of social and digital media on asthmatic adolescents. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 27(6), 650-651.
Heiman, T., & Olenik-Shemesh, D. (2015). Cyberbullying experience and gender differences among adolescents in different educational settings. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 48(2), 146-155.
Li, Q. (2010). Cyberbullying in high schools: A study of students’ behaviours and beliefs about this new phenomenon. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 19(4), 372-392.
Modecki, K. L., Minchin, J., Harbaugh, A. G., Guerra, N. G., & Runions, K. C. (2014). Bullying prevalence across contexts: A meta-analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(5), 602-611.
Richards, D., Caldwell, P. H., & Go, H. (2015). Impact of social media on the health of children and young people. Journal of paediatrics and child health, 51(12), 1152-1157.
Sidani, J. E., Shensa, A., Radovic, A., Miller, E., Colditz, J. B., Hoffman, B. L., … & Primack, B. A. (2016). Association between social media use and depression among US young adults. Depression and anxiety, 33(4), 323-331.
Undiyaundeye, F. (2014). Impact of Social Media on Children Adolescents and Families. Global Journal of Interdisclipinary Social Sciences, 3.
Vittrup, B., Snider, S., Rose, K. K., & Rippy, J. (2016). Parental perceptions of the role of media and technology in their young children’s lives. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 14(1), 43-54.
Wamba, S. F., & Carter, L. (2016). Social media tools adoption and use by SMEs: An empirical study. In Social Media and Networking: Concepts, Mtheodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 791-806). IGI Global.
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