The Dinka is the largest tribal group in the vast Republic of Sudan, numbering among two million. they belong to the Nilotic people’s cultural group, well all of them are in southern Sudan. The Dinka is a large tradition of oral literature, and an extensive amount has been recorded. And this is how they show their nature of illness and beliefs related to them. They also believe in their ancestor, Nhialac, as the creator of humanity and has power over nature.
Additionally, their religious leaders, who represent their ancestors’ traditional power, are called spear masters. He often uses his spear for sacrifices for Nhialac, who uses the sacrifices to heal illnesses. The Dinka also believes in life after death and relates it to the ancestors who are supposed to play a significant role in their daily lives. Witchcraft is highly believed among the Dinka people and its culture, and it is believed that if one catches an illness, the source is from magic. Therefore, a witch doctor is visited, who then creates a spell using herbs to extract the illness. Additionally, witchcraft is also believed to cause harm, like draining a woman of her inert beauty, causing a cattle milk to go dry, while men can be forced to be less lean. this is usual witchcraft but it belongs to evil; well it may lead the results to end.
Dinka’s Ethnomedicine is concerned about the cultural interpretation of illness and the nature of the local healing processes. They also provide a comprehensive explanation of illness, its causes, and its impacts on people’s lives (Willis & Bothun, 2011). One of the cultural trustable that are controlled on one of the single things in this group, ethnomedicine has to make sure that each and every get the correct healing process which is based on the nature of the person conditions. The healing process is done by a specific person who believes that they have the specific power to do that. The herbalist, commonly known as the d koc well, uses different natural medicines to cure people. Other people with healing abilities include a magic man, by JA, and a mastaba, a dangerous person with more powers. Besides, among this group of people, different illness have their people. The other kind of healer who ranges from young to older men and women combines various healing aspects to inhibit results (Jackson, 2016). Most often, the healing among the Dinka people is done by men who are believed to have been passed by some spiritual powers.
witchcraft and possession is the most usual illness among the Dinka people which is caused by an evil spirit the affected person exhibits a significant change in behaviours and can sometimes be very aggressive to others. The evil spirit is believed to be caused by people against society’s social norm, or rather people who want to harm others. Sorcery is also believed to occur as a result of evil spirits or punishment by God. Beliefs in supernatural and spiritual causation are also prevalent among the group, though they are associated with different illnesses. Spirits such as ‘Jinn’ are believed to be because of specific evil illnesses among people.
Similarly, the belief in the evil eye is rampant among the Danka’s. It is believed that one can put a curse on the other by only looking at them. The illness is most common among children. However, the best remedy and cure for all these illnesses is through offering a sacrifice of either a lamb or a bull.
Jackson, K. (2016). Fate, spirits, and curses: Mental health and traditional beliefs in some refugee communities. New Zealand: Rampart.
Willis, M. S., & Bothun, R. M. (2011). Oral hygiene knowledge and practice among Dinka and Nuer from Sudan to the US. American Dental Hygienists’ Association, 85(4), 306-315.Order Now