Morbidity is the rate of a disease in infants while mortality is the rate at which infants die. cases of measles, diarrhea, and pneumonia are major causes of mortality in infants. this could be caused by immunizations like pneumococcal conjugate, first measles dose, and rotavirus vaccines. Unequal distribution of diseases in children and equal access to vaccines is the reason for the gap in health. On the other hand, mortality in children is also influenced by, childcare methods, nutrition, and sanitation (Chang, Riumallo-Herl, Salomon. et al.2018). Nevertheless, some differences exist between morbidity and mortality which include; morbidity is a condition of being unhealthy while mortality is the state of being able to die, besides, morbidity refers to the number of people with ill health in a certain population on the other hand mortality is the count of people who died in a population.
The database of morbidity is monitored and controlled by the World Health Organization whilst the database of mortality is monitored by The Human Mortality Database. In addition, Morbidity is measured by the disease type, age, and gender while the mortality rate is based on crude death rates, infant mortality, child mortality, and maternal mortality. Moreover, morbidity is measured by the scoring systems of the ICU systems while mortality is measured by deaths for every thousand. However, both mortality and morbidity help the health practitioners to make strategies of managing risks, besides it assists them to implement national health programs.
Chang, A.Y., Riumallo-Herl, C., Salomon, J.A. et al (2018). Estimating the distribution of morbidity and mortality of childhood diarrhoea, measles, and pneumonia by wealth group in low- and middle-income countries. BMC Med 16, 102 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1074-yOrder Now