ASSESSMENT 1- Theory questions
1. Why is the study of sustainability important?
Humans must continue to live as we do now, but conserve our resources, and protect the natural environments so that future generations may survive hereWhat is the “Brundtland Definition” of sustainability?
2. What is the “Brundtland Definition” of sustainability?
The Brundtland Commission of the United Nations on March 20, 1987: “sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”
3. What are the three pillars of sustainability?
4. What is the difference between the traditional thinking and ‘interconnected thinking’ about sustainability?
|Traditional Thinking||Interconnected Thinking|
|Focus only on one aspect||Focus on related fields within the main|
|Economy-Stockholder Profits, Materials for Production, Jobs||Economy-Jobs, prosperity wealth creation its interconnected with society by social equity and environment by sustainable economy, society-social inclusion communities interconnected with local environment|
|Environment- Water Quality, Air Quality, Natural Resources.||Environment –natural environment, resources|
|Society-Education, Health, Poverty, Crime||All three interconnected by sustainable development|
5. Give five examples of what humans can do to live more sustainably?
6. Explain any TWO of the six principles of sustainability in your own words
7. What is ISO 14000?
International regulations–Kyoto Protocol; ISO14000
It provides practical tools for companies and organisations looking to identify and control their environmental impact and constantly improve their environmental performance.
8. What is the purpose of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999?
Designed to protect the environment and provide guidance to businesses and industry on how to meet environmental responsibilities mainly air, water, soil quality and contaminated land, managing waste, preventing or controlling pollution.
9. What is the difference between a ‘carbon footprint’ and ‘ecological footprint’?
|Carbon Footprint||Ecological Footprint|
|A carbon footprint focuses strictly on the greenhouse gases released due to burning of fossil fuels
|An ecological footprint compares the total resources people consume with the land and water area that is needed to replace those resources|
10. GLOBAL WARMING
a. Do you think global warming is real?
Yes. Earth is already showing many signs of worldwide climate change
b. Why or why not? Give reasons and examples to support your answer
Average temperatures have climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degree Celsius) around the world since 1880, much of this in recent decades, according to NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies
The Arctic is feeling the effects the most. Average temperatures in Alaska, western Canada, and eastern Russia have risen at twice the global average, according to the multinational Arctic Climate Impact Assessment report compiled between 2000 and 2004
11. Describe ‘How Green’ your workplace (or a company you do business with) is.
a. Company name: Mac Donald Restaurant
b. What do they do?
Having green energy plan, having biodegradable food wraps &cups, have environmental sustainability plans when building up, restricted smoking areas & greener rubbish removal method.
c. Rank how green they are: Medium Green
12. What are some of the ways you can ‘live green’ on a daily basis?
Recycle food containers, grocery bags etc., reduce plastic usage, reduce energy consumption.
Using resource when you canE-file instead of print, Use crockery not throw away cups, plates etc, Do not over package products, Avoid non-biodegradable products and disposable items
13. Explain the 5 ways we can be more resource wise?
14. What are the resource areas you can do a ‘Sustainability Analysis’ on?
15. A sustainability policy should follow a framework. Describe what these areas should cover:
b. Responsible Persons:
Who is responsible for: Developing the policy, Implementing the policy, Managing the policy, Monitoring the policy once it is accepted and released
c. Impact on the Organisation:
16. Watch the following videos:
The first is Adobe http://www.adobe.com/corporate-responsibility/environment.html
Explain the benefits they identified in developing and implementing a sustainability policy.
Adobe -Help the planet by building green within & out. BENEFITS-good business ,it has paid back save them money over the long term, awarded platinum, leading through
PWC-professional service help clients adapt & prosper business landscape, minimise its own environmental footprint enhance the prospect of all stakeholders, build a really effective workplace, value for money in sustainability,
ASSESSMENT 2- SustainabilityPolicy
Assessment 2 is in two parts and is based around a printing company ‘Focus Press’. Please refer to the additional case study information when answering the following questions for both Part A and Part B.
PART A – Sustainability Analysis
Organisation (Tutors comment – what do they do ?)
Managing director (Tutors comment – give me the name )
Efficient use of resources, using environmentally responsible raw materials, striving to reduce our impact on environment through new & emerging technologies & maintaining a program of continuous improvement as managed through the lean manufacturing model
The quantity of alcohol used is at least 60% lower,waste send to landfill has reduced from 9 square meters to 3 square meters a week saving (saving $3000) per year,water consumption has dropped by over 62.5%, with further gains to come, by changing to soy-based inks, ink usage has reduced by 30%, usage of paper & other raw materials in setting up & running print jobs has reduced by up to 85%, quantities of hazardous substances have been reduced.
Benefits that were achieved by the company
Refining existing processes,implementing new processes as they are developed here & over-seas,working with environmental groups,industry leaders& government departments to identify areas for future development,educating clients & the industry in general about the benefits of cleaner production,sourcing new materials & consumables to reduce production costs & lower the environmental impact of the printing process
Focus Press Case Study continued:
PART B – Policy Development, Implementation & Monitoring
National carbon offset standard (NSCO) certification
a. What is the sustainability goals identified at Focus Print?
b. What carbons off set projects were undertaken?
What were the carbon offset projects undertaken
Which country was involved?
A Hydropower project
|Zhongfang country, China|
A landfill gas project
|Greater new bedford, USA|
A bundled wind power project
|Tamil Nadu, India|
|A project to recover & resume caustic soda a side-product of paper manufacturing
|A wind-power project||Chongli, China|
c. Explain how they calculate their overall carbon footprint?
Using input-output modelling developed by the integrated sustainability analysis team (ISA) at the University of Sydney,this model has been certified for use under the Australian Government National Carbon Offset Standards.
a. Who is Satia Industries?
One of the leading paper manufacturers in Punjab state in India
b. How much paper do they produce per day?
130 tonnes of paper per day
c. What hazards did they identify in the paper production process?
This process consumes large amounts of caustic soda
d. What was the new process?
To recover the caustic soda from factory’s waste stream,this can then be reused to make more paper.
e. What did they use less of as a result of this new process?
Use less electricity to recover the caustic soda than to manufacture caustic soda
f. What has been the overall benefit of this project
The project earns carbon credits for the greenhouse gas emissions prevented by these electricity savings. This is an innovative process to reduce resource use, waste & greenhouse gas emissions, prevented by these electricity savings
The project has helped to develop & ‘mainstream’ cleaner more efficient manufacturing technologies in India
Company has involved in various charitable activities with the local community, including support of local school programs & the Thalassemia Children Welfare Association, as well as provision of free medical & eye examination