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Public health promotes the Welfare of the entire population by ensuring the security and protection of the public from infectious diseases and hazards to the environment. It also helps in insurance the safety and quality of life for better care benefiting the population and making operational research for the control of infection and the various disease outbreaks. Public health initiatives are taken worldwide and are one way of seeking to reduce the symptoms of various health inequalities. The current health issues in the United Kingdom include air pollution, Bowel cancer, cardiovascular disease, cervical screening, obesity, e alcohol, child dental health, and others. Many of the public health concerns are related to both physical and mental health.  Obesity is one such problem that has been exposed in the United Kingdom to mental health problems. It promotes a higher risk of developing depression over the lifetime as compared to people who do not struggle with the problem of obesity. Physical activity and obesity are designated as priority areas and the leading health indicators in the National Health Objective of the United Kingdom.  It focuses on the dietary plan with prescription and the physical activity for behavioral and skill development to control overweight.

Thesis Statement: Obesity is a growing problem that has affected physical health, as well as mental health as people suffering, are more experienced with anxiety disorders including panic disorder and generalized anxiety.

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Main Body

Obesity is a condition that involves the exercise of body fat which includes the risk of other diseases, both mentally and physically. It is caused by eating too much and having little exercise and is one of the common problems in modern society. Obesity has been also found to increase the risk of depression and the pronounced activities are predictive of developing widespread problems with major health implications (Smith et al. 2020). The psychological factors in obesity include the avoidance of emotions, low self-worth self-criticism, negative core beliefs, and binge eating. It is also likely to have a mental and physical disorder with chronic pain which leads to chronic stress or higher cortisol levels. The United Kingdom has been seen as the locality with the highest percentage of adults class with overweight and obese with 67.2 percent (Smith et al. 2018). Obesity is a growing problem in Europe where the World Health Organization has found that excess body fighters lead to premature death and a high risk of leading disabilities.

The public health concern in Hillingdon has supported obesity as a grave public health threat where it is more serious than the opioid epidemic. The increasing availability of healthy food and beverage choices in public venues is one of the major steps that has been taken to control obesity.  The disease can also be controlled by increasing the amount of physical activity in extracurricular activities and outdoor recreation (Esfahani and Pal, 2018). The public health concerns of obesity prioritize the prevention of disease and ill health that occurs the various risk factors and early intervention for protective case management. It also ensures the Healthcare services with the integration of the improvement within the management in the long-term conditions.  The Healthcare sector of the country also focuses on the outcomes and opportunities for adults and children regarding mental health needs and learning disabilities. Hillingdon is a diverse and prosperous locality in West London which is the second largest by area and has a growing population with the increase in its worth in the recent years. the countries facing the obesity problem that is now related to mental health issues.

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The public health concern depicts that people living in Hillington are healthy and live longer as compared to the people of the other parts of England.  It also focuses on the early death rate from respiratory diseases and the social isolation that has become higher affecting accommodation in employment needs. It also focuses on the rates of childhood vaccination which is significantly higher in the case of cardiovascular disease where the cancer screening rates are low and the percentage of words is also low as compared to the other places in England (Pierce et al. 2020). The health strategy of the health in Hillington includes the benefits of local service programs, Primary Health Care transformation, digital strategy, long-term condition strategy, better care fund, and others. The plan for having a challenge of delivering better Healthcare services for having a strategic approach to obesity and mental health issues.

The aim of the public health concerns includes a collaborative approach to help, social care, and public issues to improve the outcome and reduce the inequalities within the population.  It also provides a safe and effective atmosphere for the experienced practitioner with the proper health and social care services.  The health care services are also committed to achieving better outcomes with the integration of service and prevention of empowerment to manage various conditions (Romain et al. 2019). The public health sector in Arlington plans to deliver high-quality health Care with the efforts to focus on the priorities and the necessary health needs that are forming health credits. It also functions on delivering the statutory targets with the medical management and redefining the provided market for having the proper plan to deliver high-quality Health and Care Services with the key actions and their associated outcomes.

Qualitative Data Analysis

The transformation relies on several strategies with specific population programs with the developments.  It addresses the major deal with a relevant associated strategy to have proper development. This study aims to highlight the actions with the program’s outcomes and strategy indicators. It also prioritizes and focuses on the different action plans for improvements in the preservation and will be for ensuring safety and sustainability within the Health and Care Services (Sheridan et al. 2019). It also focuses on public health and the prevention of disease and ill health along with mental care which is the primary model at hand and focuses on developing services for having a healthy and illustrative life.  It also recognizes the importance of health care with the preservation and particular focus on the control of food habits and promoting good health.

The results of obesity in the region have been seen according to the Body Mass Index where the children aged 10 to 11 are mostly found overweight in the region (Johnson et al. 2018). It has a significant impact on the overall population and the utilization of the outdoor space in the region focusing on the active lifestyle and the instrument of various opportunities. It also focuses on the exercise of the people as the core need and focuses on the younger children as obesity is a major concern for them.  The public health care of the region focuses on young children to have different opportunities available to them to start their lives.  it also focuses on young people to have a successful life and continue their teenage conception with a considerable focus on the Teenage mother and the Unplanned pregnancy that is unplanned the ends up with the abortion.  The children of the mother have a high risk of living in poverty and poor quality of housing which causes accidents and behavioral problems.  These problems along with obesity also lead to mental health issues which cause social isolation and loneliness.

The childhood obesity rates in Hillington have been steadily rising and have been remaining in Hai which is one of the conceptions of Mental Health instability.  Childhood obesity is a complex problem and it requires a change in the white engagement of the multiphase approach.  It also focuses on the delivery and review of the effectiveness of interventions following the outputs and inputs of various welding services and social prescribing references (Catalao et al. 2020). The overarching aim and the action plan of Hillingdon is to promote the environment and enable children and young people to eat well and be physically active to maintain a healthy weight. It also focuses on the increasing number of schools for healthy schools and an award focus is on physical activity and healthy eating.  The action plan also includes the instrument of physical activity and the Sports program that includes various opportunities for walking and cycling with the involvement of green spaces to ensure leisure and cultural facilities.

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The psychological theory of obesity referred to as the bio-psychosocial model focuses on the approach considering the context where people live with the social influences and the network of our culture and regards societal norms.  It also focuses on the mental health condition along with psychological factors that contribute to obesity and the success of the treatment. The higher risk of developing depression over time is compared to the people who struggle with obesity. Obesity is a condition of heterogeneous etiology that is harmful to the individual as there is scant evidence that it is caused by mental dysfunction. The various psychological factors that cause obesity include avoidance of emotion and others as mentioned above (Waters and Williams, 2018). They also focus on the obese person regarding stress management and contingency management with cognitive restructuring and social support. A “randomized controlled trial” study by Eustis et al. (2018) showed that this intervention helps an individual to increase self-regulation capability and ultimately reduces the chances of obesity. Apart from this, the intervention deals with the behavior of a patient which ultimately enhances the psychological health.

Stigma is considered a social and fundamental cause of health inequalities and obesity stigma is also associated with physiological and psychological consequences.  It focuses on the increased depression along with anxiety and decreased self-esteem that leads to overeating and avoidance of physical activity with the avoidance of medical care. It also engages in bullying behavior with the fear of exercising less and staying indoors (Puhl et al. 2020). The risk developed in the combination of various environmental and genotype effects which highlights the risk factors in people with mental illness.  It also focuses on the disproportionate number of patients with mental illness that is compared to the general population.  Depression and self-esteem are observed with where are obese patients around the world with no previous history of mental illness confirming an obese person with a greater risk of depression.

Managing Human Resources


Obesity is a major concern for various reasons in the United Kingdom and this has also had an impact on mental health along with physical activities.  It has been the core cause of the risk of depression that has been seen as a predictor in developing societies with widely spread problems and major health implications. Obesity is both a mental and a physical issue that is related to the number of societal thicknesses and the well-being of even the most psychologically sound minds. Obesity does not cause anxiety directly but it throws off the hormones of the person which potentially contributes to the behavior and reduces anxiety.

Individuals who are overweight or obese have social anxiety experienced with the significant comparison of various psychosomatic diseases. One of the conditions is called Obesophobia or Pocrescophobia, which focuses on the intense fear of gaining weight where diets are seen with underrating and Starving activities or even avoiding activities involving food. However, the major causes of weight gain and obesity include food addiction, aggressive marketing, insulin, certain medications, genetics, and others. Public health care issues the common treatment for overweight and obesity that includes the change in habits with weight loss medicines and special diets along with healthy eating plans and weight management programs. A healthy body also makes healthy changes in the mind and empowers the self-esteem to focus on a better social life with a normal weight and a proper health care system.

The Annotated bibliography- Sample

Reference List

Catalao, R., Mann, S., Wilson, C. and Howard, L.M., 2020. Preconception care in mental health services: planning for a better future. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 216(4), pp.180-181.

Esfahani, S.B. and Pal, S., 2018. Obesity, mental health, and sexual dysfunction: A critical review. Health Psychology Open5(2), p.2055102918786867.

Eustis, E.H., Hayes-Skelton, S.A., Orsillo, S.M. and Roemer, L., 2018. Surviving and thriving during stress: a randomized clinical trial comparing a brief web-based therapist-assisted acceptance-based behavioral intervention versus waitlist control for college students. Behavior Therapy, 49(6), pp.889-903.

Johnson, M., Day, M., Moholkar, R., Gilluley, P. and Goyder, E., 2018. Tackling obesity in mental health secure units: a mixed method synthesis of available evidence. BJPsych Open4(4), pp.294-301.

Pierce, M., Hope, H.F., Kolade, A., Gellatly, J., Osam, C.S., Perchard, R., Kosidou, K., Dalman, C., Morgan, V., Di Prinzio, P. and Abel, K.M., 2020. Effects of parental mental illness on children’s physical health: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry217(1), pp.354-363.

Puhl, R.M., Himmelstein, M.S. and Pearl, R.L., 2020. Weight stigma as a psychosocial contributor to obesity. American Psychologist, 75(2), p.274.

Remmert, J.E., Woodworth, A., Chau, L., Schumacher, L.M., Butryn, M.L. and Schneider, M., 2019. Pilot trial of an acceptance-based behavioral intervention to promote physical activity among adolescents. The Journal of School Nursing35(6), pp.449-461.

Romain, A.J., Marleau, J. and Baillot, A., 2019. Association between physical multimorbidity, body mass index, and mental health/disco

Sheridan, C.E., Roscoe, C.J., Gulliver, J., de Preux, L. and Fecht, D., 2019. Inequalities in exposure to nitrogen dioxide in parks and playgrounds in Greater London. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health16(17), p.3194.

Smith, A., Yoshioka, M. and St-Amand, J., 2018. Broken energy homeostasis and obesity pathogenesis: the surrounding concepts. Journal of Clinical Medicine7(11), p.453.

Smith, J.D., Fu, E. and Kobayashi, M., 2020. Prevention and management of childhood obesity and its psychological and health comorbidities. Annual review of clinical psychology16, p.351.

Waters, L. and Williams, C., 2018. Psychology and mental health issues in obesity. Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Obesity, 2(5), pp.71-77.

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